Despite the fact that our country was founded on the principle of equal opportunity, and that eliminating disparities in health and health care has for years been a national policy priority, there remain significant differences in the care and health outcomes of Americans depending on their insurance coverage, income, and race or ethnicity.
Disparities Based on Income, Insurance, Race and Ethnicity. The average gap in health outcomes, quality, access, and efficiency between uninsured populations and the benchmark insured populations is 34 percent, while the gap between low-income and high-income groups is 38 percent. Additionally, risk rates are higher for Hispanics and African Americans for being uninsured and for having inadequate access to primary care and preventive care. Widely known is the fact that African American mortality rates are strikingly higher for heart disease, diabetes, and infant mortality.