Andrew B. Bindman, M.D., Arpita Chattopadhyay, Ph.D., and Glenna M. Auerback, M.P.H.
A. B. Bindman, A. Chattopadhyay, and G. M. Auerback, “Interruptions in Medicaid Coverage and Risk for Hospitalization for Ambulatory Care–Sensitive Conditions,” Annals of Internal Medicine, Dec. 16, 2008 149(12):854–60.
An abstract is available at:
A review of hospital discharge data in California revealed that interruptions in Medicaid coverage increased the risk of hospitalization for ambulatory care–sensitive conditions such as heart failure, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which can often be managed in an outpatient setting. Hospital admissions for these conditions may signal a decline in health status among patients who no longer have access to preventive and primary care services because of an interruption in their health care coverage.
Interruptions in health insurance coverage are common in the United States. An estimated 85 million people younger than age 65, or 38 percent of the U.S. population, were uninsured for at least part of a recent three-year period. Low-income people are particularly at risk. Medicaid beneficiaries must demonstrate eligibility for benefits each year. In some states, this can be as often as every three months, making people especially vulnerable to such disruptions. (During most of the time this study was conducted, 1998 to 2002, California required beneficiaries to report on their eligibility every three months. The state has since reduced the frequency of eligibility determination.) Research suggests that people who experience interruptions in health coverage are less likely to receive primary and preventive care that could prevent hospitalizations.
Public insurance programs can help significantly reduce the number of uninsured. But the administrative burdens they often place on beneficiaries can impede their success in reaching those in need. Policies that reduce the frequency of coverage interruptions could prevent hospitalizations and other events that trigger negative health consequences and high costs.
The study examined hospital discharge data for more than 4.7 million adults (ages 18 to 64 years) in California who were covered by Medicaid for at least one month between 1998 and 2002 and were hospitalized for an ambulatory care–sensitive condition. These conditions included asthma, angina, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dehydration, diabetes, hypertension, lower-extremity amputation, pneumonia, ruptured appendix, and urinary tract infection. The authors compared hospitalization rates among Medicaid enrollees with continuous coverage and those who experienced interruptions in their benefits.
Interruptions in Medicaid coverage are associated with a higher rate of hospitalization for ambulatory care–sensitive conditions, like heart failure, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.