Zulkarnain Pulungan, Ph.D., principal research scientist at Avalere Health, is an expert in statistical and econometric modeling. Dr. Pulungan designs and implements epidemiological and health outcomes research, including pharmacoeconomic studies, comparative outcomes analyses, risk modeling, predictive analytics, performance measurement, survey analysis, and disease management evaluation. Prior to joining Avalere, he led studies at Inovalon on disparities in outcomes in dual eligible and disadvantaged Medicare beneficiaries, star rating regional variation in Medicare Advantage issuers, socioeconomic risk adjustment on medication adherence measures, and health care utilization in the Affordable Care Act population. Earlier, Dr. Pulungan specialized in quality measurement and improvement research at LeadingAge New York and the Foundation for Long Term Care. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the State University of New York at Albany.