The survey project includes quantitative and qualitative phases. During the quantitative phase, the research team will collect data from representative samples of primary care physicians, using some of the same questions asked in the 2016 and 2019 international surveys to enable trending. New questions will explore how primary care services have changed because of the COVID-19 pandemic (e.g., use of telehealth or home visits). During the qualitative phase, project investigators will interview physicians to probe their experiences during the pandemic and in caring for patients who are elderly, have low income and require social services, or need mental health care. The project covers the costs for: completing the survey in Australia, Canada, the U.K., and the U.S.; conducting qualitative interviews with an estimated 25 physicians; and data management and integration costs for the Netherlands. A total of 1,500 physicians will be surveyed in the U.S., and 500 physicians will be surveyed in each of Australia, Canada, and the U.K. We are pursuing cofunding from partner organizations to expand the sample sizes in these three countries and to conduct the survey in France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland.