Bradford H. Gray, Ph.D., is a senior fellow at the Urban Institute in Washington, D.C., and editor of The Milbank Quarterly, an interdisciplinary journal of health policy and population health. He was previously director of the division of health and science policy at the New York Academy of Medicine. From 1989 to 1996, he was director of the Program on Nonprofit Organizations at Yale University, where he also directed the Institution for Social and Policy Studies and was a professor in the department of epidemiology and public health. Prior to that, he was a study director at the Institute of Medicine for 10 years. He also served in a staff capacity for the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects and the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Research. He has written extensively about for-profit and nonprofit health care, and has also done research on Medicaid, managed care, ethical issues in research, and the politics of health services research. He holds a Ph.D. in sociology from Yale University.