Jonathan Gruber, Ph.D., is a professor of economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the director of the Health Care Program at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Dr. Gruber's research focuses on the areas of public finance and health economics. He has authored more than 150 published research articles and serves as associate editor of the Journal of Public Economics and the Journal of Health Economics. Dr. Gruber received his Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 2005.